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Since passage of the 1970 Legislative Reorganization Act (P.L. 91-510), both chambers of Congress were granted authority to adjourn during the month of August and return to regular business after the Labor Day holiday. In keeping with tradition, the U.S. House of Representatives adjourned for its annual August recess to return to their home districts. However, the Senate was only granted recess for the first week of August at the direction of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY). Reported by Politico and several other media outlets in June, Senate Majority Leader McConnell announced that the Senate would work three of the four weeks in August to confirm as many of President Trump's judicial and executive branch appointments as well as to focus on passing the 12 appropriations bills prior to the fiscal year ending on September 30th.
Upon reconvening of the U.S. House of Representatives, it is expected that the first major activity between the two chambers will be meetings of a Joint Conference Committee to reconcile differences between the House and Senate versions of the 2018 Farm Bill Reauthorization.
On June 28, 2018, the Senate passed its version of the 2018 Farm Bill Reauthorization, otherwise known as the "Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018", by a vote of 86-11. Just days before on June 21st the U.S. House of Representatives had narrowly passed its version of the 2018 Farm Bill by a vote of 213-211. While the Senate version of the Farm Bill garnered bi-partisan support, every Democrat in the House of Representatives voted against the House version of the Farm Bill. Democrat opposition to the House version of the Farm Bill were based on the inclusion of increased work requirements for individuals participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as the Food Stamp Program.
Read more at July 2018 Legislative Update